Centipede Envenomations: Clinical Effects and Treatment

  • Nicklaus Brandehoff
  • Rais Vohra
  • Leslie Crebassa
  • Eric Jove Graham
  • Rene Ramirez
Living reference work entry


Centipede bites are reported worldwide, mostly in tropical and subtropical regions. Centipede envenomation can cause different types of local and systemic reactions and can affect all age groups. A diverse mixture of bioactive compounds and digestive enzymes has been found in centipede venom. Patients who encounter centipede envenomation commonly experience localized pain (often severe), localized pruritus, headache, nausea/vomiting, anxiety, palpitations, swelling, erythema, and warmth; rare complications can include necrosis, lymph node swelling, ischemia, rhabdomyolysis, ST elevation MI, and death. In most cases, only minor supportive care is required.


Compartment Syndrome Anterior Appendage Venom Component Systemic Multiple Organ Failure Bacterial Superinfection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicklaus Brandehoff
    • 1
  • Rais Vohra
    • 1
  • Leslie Crebassa
    • 1
  • Eric Jove Graham
    • 1
  • Rene Ramirez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Emergency MedicineUCSF School of Medicine, UCSF Fresno Medical Education ProgramFresnoUSA

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