Encyclopedia of Migration

Living Edition
| Editors: Reed Ueda

Asylum and Language Analysis

  • Peter L. Patrick
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6179-7_38-2

Definition

Language Analysis for Determination of Origin (LADO) is a new branch of applied linguistics, used by governments in processing asylum seekers who are applying for refugee status.

Overview

Undocumented asylum seekers present two types of evidence to refugee status determination (RSD) processes:
  • Their body, i.e., medical evidence relating to age, torture, injury, etc.

  • Their speech, including both what they say about the reasons for their flight (the narrative content) and the way in which they say it (the linguistic evidence)

Since the 1990s, when language expertise in Scandinavian government bureaux first became outsourced to private language firms, governments have appealed to linguistic evidence as one means of verifying asylum seekers’ claims of identity, ethnicity, origin or nationality, in the context of increasing reliance on scientific evidence (e.g., fingerprints, DNA, x-rays) from expert fields to assist in RSD. Academic and forensic linguists refer to this as...

Keywords

Asylum Seeker Refugee Camp Speech Community Language Analysis Linguistic Evidence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Baltisberger E, Hubbuch P (2010) LADO with specialized linguists: the development of Lingua’s working method. In: Zwaan K, Muysken P, Verrips M (eds) Language and Origin. The role of language in European asylum procedures: a linguistic and legal survey. Wolf Legal Publishers, Nijmegen, pp 9–19Google Scholar
  2. Blommaert J (2009) Language, asylum, and the national order. Curr Anthropol 50(4):415–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Eades D (2009) Testing the claims of asylum seekers: the role of language analysis. Lang Assess Q 6:30–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Foulkes P, French P (2012) Forensic speaker comparison: a linguistic-acoustic perspective. In: Tiersma P, Solan L (eds) The Oxford handbook of language and the law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 557–572Google Scholar
  5. Language and National Origin Group (2004) Guidelines for the use of language analysis in relation to questions of national origin in refugee cases. In: Eades D, Arends J (eds) Language analysis and determination of nationality. Thematic issue of “Int J Speech Lang Law Forensic Linguist” 11(2):261–226Google Scholar
  6. Patrick PL (2010) Language variation and LADO (language analysis for determination of origin). In: Zwaan K, Muysken P, Verrips M (eds) Language and origin. The role of language in European asylum procedures: a linguistic and legal survey. Wolf Legal Publishers, Nijmegen, pp 73–87Google Scholar
  7. Patrick PL (2012) Language analysis for determination of origin: objective evidence for refugee status determination. In: Tiersma P, Solan L (eds) The Oxford handbook of language and the law. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 533–546Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Language and LinguisticsUniversity of EssexColchesterUK