Encyclopedia of Migration

Living Edition
| Editors: Reed Ueda

Labor Migration Policies: A Typology

  • Holger Kolb
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6179-7_120-1

Definition

Against the background of demographic changes and tendencies of aggravating skill shortages in various sectors of national economies, most industrialized countries have developed and implemented specific sets of policies to attract labor migrants in general and those with a particular set of skills in particular. Those specific approaches tended to vary significantly in terms of the technique applied for screening and selecting, the definition of the target group as well as the temporal outline of the programs and thus the question whether migration is planned to take place on a permanent or temporary basis. Given this variety of state approaches, a number of typological attempts emerged to develop a systematic and relatively general framework to categorize and compare different technical approaches of labor migration policies.

Demand- Versus Supply-Driven Policies and Other Typological Approaches

The most general and widespread method is to distinguish between demand- and...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Chaloff J, Lemaître G (2009) Managing highly-skilled labour migration: a comparative analysis of migration policies and challenges in OECD countries. OECD social, employment and migration working papers 79. OECD. http://www.oecd.org/els/mig/46656535.pdf. Accessed 7 June 2017
  2. Doomernik J, Koslowski R, Thränhardt D (2009) The battle for the brains: why immigration policy is not enough to attract the highly skilled. Brussels forum paper series. German Marshall fund of the United States. http://www.gmfus.org/publications/battle-brains-why-immigration-policy-not-enough-attract-highly-skilled. Accessed 7 June 2017
  3. Finotelli C, Kolb H (2015) “The good, the bad and the ugly” reconsidered: a comparison of German, Canadian and Spanish labour migration policies. J Comp Policy Anal. doi: 10.1080/13876988.2015.1095429
  4. Hailbronner K, Koslowski R (2008) Models for immigration management schemes: comparison and analysis of existing approaches and a perspective for future reforms. Immigration paper series. German Marshall fund of the United States. http://www.transatlanticacademy.org/sites/default/files/publications/GMF6657-ImmigrationPaper_1210_Final.pdf. Accessed 7 June 2017
  5. Koslowski R (2014) Selective migration policy models and changing realities of implementation. Int Migr 52:26–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. McLaughlin G, Salt J (2002) Migration policies toward highly skilled foreign workers. Report to the home office. http://www.geog.ucl.ac.uk/research/research-centres/migration-research-unit/pdfs/highly_skilled.pdf/at_download/file. Accessed 7 June 2017
  7. Papademetriou D, O’Neill K (2006) Selecting economic migrants. In: Papademetriou D (ed) Europe and its immigrants in the 21st century. a new deal or a continuing dialogue of the deaf? , Washington, DC, pp 223–256Google Scholar
  8. Papademetriou D, Somerville W, Tanaka H (2008) Hybrid immigrant-selection systems: the next generation of economic migration schemes. Migration Policy Institute. http://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/hybrid-immigrant-selection-systems-next-generation-economic-migration-schemes. Accessed 2 Decr 2015
  9. Sumption M (2015) Points-based immigration. In: Bean F, Brown S (eds) Encyclopeida of migration. Dordrecht. https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-94-007-6179-7_65-2. Accessed 7 June 2017

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and MigrationBerlinGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Laurence Lessard-Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Policy and Social Work, School of Social PolicyUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK