Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology

Living Edition
| Editors: Bharat Bhushan

Biornametics: Architecture Defined by Natural Patterns

  • Ille C. Gebeshuber
  • Petra Gruber
  • Barbara Imhof
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6178-0_209-2



Biornametics – Architecture Defined by Natural Patterns – is an emerging contemporary design practice that explores a new methodology to interconnect scientific evidence with creative design in the field of architecture. The word biornametics is generated from “ornament,” referring to the famous Austrian architect Adolf Loos, and “biomimetics,” the abstraction of good design from living nature (see “Biomimetics”).


In biornametics research, role models from nature, static and dynamic patterns (e.g., nanostructured surfaces or materials with functional hierarchy from the nano- to the macroscale), are investigated, and the findings are applied to design strategies. The emergence of patterns in nature at all scales of existence of organisms as one of the most important signs of life – order – is not arbitrary but highly interconnected with boundary conditions, functional...


Role Model Spider Silk Natural Pattern Butterfly Wing Insect Wing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ille C. Gebeshuber
    • 1
  • Petra Gruber
    • 2
  • Barbara Imhof
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Applied PhysicsVienna University of TechnologyWienAustria
  2. 2.Transarch – Biomimetics and Transdisciplinary ArchitectureViennaAustria
  3. 3.LIQUIFER Systems GroupWienAustria