Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology

Living Edition
| Editors: Bharat Bhushan

Surface Plasmon Polariton-Enabled High-Performance Organic Optoelectronic Devices

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6178-0_100997-1

Introduction

In organic optoelectronic devices, such as organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) and organic solar cells (OSCs), high efficiency is one of the key issues for their applications, and much effort has been devoted to developing novel materials and device structures [1, 2]. It is well known that the majority of the generated light is trapped in OLEDs. Around 80 % of internally generated light is trapped in the form of waveguide (WG) modes in organic and indium tin oxide (ITO) anode layers and in surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes associated with the metallic electrode/organic interface in OLEDs [3, 4]. In organic solar cells (OSCs), the active layer is generally less than 100 nm due to the short exciton diffusion length, which limits the efficiency of incident light absorption. A thicker active layer offers higher light absorption; however, it comes at the expense of lowered exciton harvesting [5, 6]. So far, there is still the greatest scope for significant improvements...

Keywords

Power Conversion Efficiency Surface Plasmon Polariton Organic Solar Cell Metallic Electrode Light Extraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics, College of Electronic Science and EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina