Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology

Living Edition
| Editors: Bharat Bhushan

High Energy Synchrotron Radiation and Its Impact on Characterizing Nanoparticles

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6178-0_100968-1



High-energy synchrotron radiation does not have a clear and generally accepted definition. Its unique characteristic is the high penetration into material, and it depends on what is regarded as high penetration – millimeter or centimeter – and in what material, lightweight or comprising heavy atoms. For practical reasons which find their ways into special constructional solutions, one can regard the X-ray regime between 50 and 150 keV as high-energy synchrotron radiation, thus a wavelength regime 0.08–0.24 Å. A look into the literature reveals a penetration of several 100 μm up to centimeters into most materials [ 1]. Table 1 lists the penetration depths (intensity falling off to e −1) of some materials in the aforementioned energy regime.
Table 1

Penetration depths for some elements plus water in the energy regime 50–150 keV

Element (atomic number)

Penetration depth at 50 keV

Penetration depth at 100 keV



Synchrotron Radiation Laser Beam Welding Synchrotron Radiation Source Synchrotron Radiation Diffraction Diffraction Contrast Tomography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Materials ResearchHelmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtGeesthachtGermany