National Wetland Policy: Taiwan

  • Terence Lee
Living reference work entry


Taiwan is an island located to the west of Pacific Ocean and the southeast edge of Mainland China. Taiwan has a total area is 36,192 km2. However, as much of the land comprises hills and mountains, only less than 40 % of this land area is suitable for farming, industrial, urban, and rural development. Nevertheless, Taiwan is host to a diversity of types of wetland including high-mountain lake and other natural ponds, fishponds and irrigation systems, creeks, and rivers, in addition to coastal mudflats, marshes, lagoons, and mangroves. These different types of wetlands form a network of ecological corridors across Taiwan. Politically, a complexity arises in that sovereignty of the islands is contested, though it is generally recognized as being part of the Republic of China.


Flood Risk Management Wetland Management Wetland Conservation Ecological Corridor Wetland Policy 
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  1. Wetland Conservation Act (WCA). Accessed 29 Apr 2014.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chief of Coast Restoration SectionMinistry of the Interior, Construction & Planning AgencyTaiwanRepublic of China

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