Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Cross-Contamination of Crops in Horticulture

  • Dane Scott
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_65-4



Cross-contamination of crops in horticulture is an old phenomenon. Farmers have long experienced genetic material from a neighbor’s fields finding its way into their crops. However, the recent development of transgenic crops, often referred to as genetically modified (GM) crops or genetically modified organisms (GMOs), is the source of much recent controversy regarding cross-contamination. While many countries have experienced rapid adoption of GM technology, other countries have received it with suspicion and precaution. The varied reactions to GMOs have for the last several decades given rise to conflict and debate on scientific, political, and ethical issues. Cross-contamination has become a frontline in these debates. For example, in 2011, the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) approved GM alfalfa for use. Due to predicted widespread contamination of organic...


Genetically Modify Moral Theory Precautionary Principle Genetically Modify Crop Harm Principle 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Society and Conservation, College of Forestry and ConservationThe University of MontanaMissoulaUSA