Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Paul B. Thompson, David M. Kaplan

Dairy Ethics

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_537-1

Synonyms

Introduction

The English word “dairy” is derived from the Old English daege “kneader of bread” and middle English deierie “place for treating milk,” and daye “female servant” (Hoad 1996). According to Merriam -Webster’s Concise Dictionary, the term “dairy” is defined as “a farm that produces milk, a place where milk is kept and butter or cheese is made” or “a company that sells milk and foods made from milk (such as butter and cheese).” Hence, the term has mixed connotations of location for production of milk and milk products, as well as emphasizing the primary role that women historically played in dairy work as “dairy maids,” cheese and butter makers (Valenze 2011). The contemporary use of the word generally does not include human milk but is limited to milk produced by Artiodactyla order, mostly Bovidaefamily animals (goats, sheep, cows, buffalo, yaks) that are produced for consumption by...

Keywords

Milk Consumption Food Animal Production Dairy Consumption Lactase Persistence Dairy Animal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Amiri, M., Diekmann, L., von Kockritz-Blickwede, M., & Naim, H. Y. (2015). The diverse forms of lactose intolerance and the putative linkage to several cancers. Nutrients, 7(9), 7209–7230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA). 2015 Dairy statistics annual. http://www.cdfa.ca.gov/dairy/dairystats.annual.html.
  3. Callaway, E. (2012). North Africans may have been making yoghurt 7,000 years ago. Nature News. http://www.nature.com/news/pottery-shards-put-a-date-on-africa-s-dairying-1.10863
  4. Check, E. (2007). Ancient DNA solves milk mystery. Nature News. http://www.nature.com/news/2007/070226/full/news070226-4.html
  5. Dohoo, I. R., DesCoteaux, L., Leslie, K., Freeden, A., Shewfelt, W., Preston, A., & Dowling, P. (2003). A meta-analysis review of the effects of recombinant Bovine Somatotropin: Effects on animal health, reproductive performance, and culling. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, 67(4), 252–264.Google Scholar
  6. Flower, F. C., & Weary, D. M. (2001). Effects of early separation on the dairy cow and calf: Separation at 1 day and 2 weeks after birth. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 70(4), 275–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gurian-Sherman, D. (2008). CAFOs uncovered: The untold costs of confined animal feeding operations. Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) Food and Environment Program. Cambridge, MA: UCS Publications.Google Scholar
  8. Hoad, T. F. (1996). The concise Oxford dictionary of English etymology. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Ingram, C. J. E., Mulcare, C. A., Itan, C., Thomas, M. G., & Swallow, D. M. (2009). Lactose digestion and the evolutionary genetics of lactase persistence. Human Genetics, 124(6), 579–591.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. International Farm Comparison Network (IFCN). (2016). Dairy milk quantity convertor. http://www.ifcndairy.org/en/calculator.php
  11. MacDonald, J. M., & McBride, W. D. (2009). The transformation of U.S. livestock agriculture: Scale, efficiency, and risks. United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/EIB43/EIB43.pdf
  12. Merck Veterinary Manual. Mastitis in Cattle. http://Merckvetmanual.com/mvm/reproductive.system/mastits.html.
  13. Nachman, K. E., & Smith, T. J. S. (2015). Hormone use in food animal production: Assessing potential dietary exposures and breast cancer risk. Current Environmental Health Reports, 2(1), 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Oltenacu, P. A., & Broom, D. M. (2010). The impact of genetic selection for increased milk yield on the welfare of dairy cows. Animal Welfare, 19(S), 39–49.Google Scholar
  15. Raymond, R., Bales, C. W., Bauman, D. E., Clemmons, D., Kleinman, R., Dante, L., Nickerson, S., & Sejrsen, K. (2010). Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin (rbST): A Safety Assessment Initially Presented at the Joint Annual Meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Canadian Society of Animal Science, and American Society of Animal Science Montreal, Canada July 14, 2009.Google Scholar
  16. Singer, P. (2009). Speciesism and moral status. Metaphilosophy, 40(3–4), 567–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Spiegel, M. (1997). The dreaded comparison: Human and animal slavery. Milwaukie: Mirror Books.Google Scholar
  18. United Nations – Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO). (2016). Dairy production and products: Milk production. http://www.fao.org/agriculture/dairy-gateway/milk-production/en/#.Vrk6LrkrKMI
  19. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). (2016). Animal feeding operations. http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/plantsanimals/livestock/afo/
  20. United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2016). EPA inventory of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions and sinks:1990–2004. http://www3.epa.gov/climatechange/ghgemissions/usinventoryreport/archive.html
  21. Valenze, D. (2011). Milk: A local and global history. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Warnick, L. D., Janssen, C. L., & Gröhn, Y. T. (2001). The effect of Lameness on milk production in dairy cons. Journal of Dairy Science, 84, 1988–1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Williams, S. R., & Worthington-Roberts, B. S. (1992). Nutrition throughout the lifecycle (3rd ed.). St Louis: Mosby Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health Promotion and Physical EducationIthaca CollegeIthacaUSA