International Food Quality Standards
Introduction: Why and Who?
Various aspects of food quality can be controlled, coordinated, certified, and communicated by government agencies, third parties, supply chain contracts, and voluntary standards. Such quality standards can increase the value, volume, and nature of agricultural and food trade across international borders. Indeed, certain ingredient supply chains or stages of processing may span multiple countries. Imports and exports might be inspected and acknowledged to meet a particular standard, highlighting a product quality attribute or a process step. Any such coordination of national-level food quality standards can be called rapprochement (Hooker 1999). Regulatory rapprochement is the process of attempting to establish harmonious intergovernment relationships. The goal is, at best, freer trade without sacrificing consumer protection or, at least, the prevention of food quality standards from becoming a serious point of...
KeywordsSupply Chain Food Quality World Trade Organization Food Trade Voluntary Standard
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