Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Extraterritorial Obligations of States and the Right to Food

  • Claire Debucquois
  • Kaitlin Y. Cordes
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_350-1

Introduction

Governments have extraterritorial obligations regarding the right to food. In an increasingly globalized world, activities of both state and non-state actors can have impacts well beyond national borders: hence, defining the parameters of extraterritorial obligations as a legal concept has become ever more important. Recent years have seen a growing consensus over the scope and substance of these obligations, including with respect to the right to food.

This contribution will define and discuss the concept of extraterritorial obligations and then apply it to the right to food in particular.

Extraterritorial Obligations of States

Definition and References in International Human Rights Law

Although the universal character of human rights, as well as the requirement of nondiscrimination attached to their realization, has always been clear, states traditionally have viewed their human rights obligations as limited to the people within their territories. This stance has led to...

Keywords

International Cooperation Transnational Corporation Intergovernmental Organization International Assistance Agricultural Subsidy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. (1999). General comment 12, right to adequate food (twentieth session, 1999), U.N. Doc. E/C.12/1999/5.Google Scholar
  2. Extraterritorial Obligations (ETO) Consortium. (2011). Maastricht principles on extraterritorial obligations of states in the area of economic, social and cultural rights. ETO Consortium. http://www.etoconsortium.org
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2005). Voluntary guidelines to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security. (Adopted by the 127th Session of the FAO Council, November 2004). Rome. ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/009/y9825e/y9825e.pdf
  4. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). (1966). Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966, entry into force 3 January 1976, in accordance with article 27. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CESCR.aspx
  5. Langford, M., Vandenhole, W., Scheinin, M., & van Genugten, W. (Eds.). (2013). Global justice, state duties: The extraterritorial scope of economic, social and cultural rights in international law. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  6. Skogly, S. (2007). Right to adequate food: National implementation and extraterritorial obligations. In A. von Bogdandy, & R. Wolfrum (Eds.), Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations law, Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff. (Vol. 11, pp. 339–358).Google Scholar
  7. World Food Summit. (1996). Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food Summit Plan of Action. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/w3613e/w3613e00.HTM

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Belgian National Fund for Scientific ResearchUniversity of LouvainUCLBelgium
  2. 2.Columbia Law SchoolNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International InvestmentNew YorkUSA