Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Biodynamic Agriculture

  • Todd Jared LeVasseur
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_238-1



This entry briefly explains and explores the history of biodynamic farming, including some of its key philosophies and food production practices. Biodynamic farming views a farm as a holistic entity, a microcosm in physical form of the macrocosm of the physical, ethereal, and astral form of the spiritual universe.

Rudolph Steiner

Biodynamics, or biodynamic farming, refers to a specific practice of agriculture that is based upon the work and teachings of the Austrian Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). In order to understand biodynamic farming, one must first understand Steiner and his metaphysical belief system. Steiner was a prolific researcher and speaker, using his created method of “spiritual science” to study the inherent wisdom of humanity (anthroposophy). His research was based on his own spiritual and visionary experiences and intuitive insights, as well as studies he undertook with Theosophists and...


Anthroposophic Medicine Compost Pile Stinging Nettle Spiritual Science Quartz Silica 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Religion and Environmental Studies ProgramCollege of CharlestonCharlestonUSA