Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Biodynamic Agriculture

  • Todd Jared LeVasseur
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_238-1

Synonyms

Introduction

This entry briefly explains and explores the history of biodynamic farming, including some of its key philosophies and food production practices. Biodynamic farming views a farm as a holistic entity, a microcosm in physical form of the macrocosm of the physical, ethereal, and astral form of the spiritual universe.

Rudolph Steiner

Biodynamics, or biodynamic farming, refers to a specific practice of agriculture that is based upon the work and teachings of the Austrian Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). In order to understand biodynamic farming, one must first understand Steiner and his metaphysical belief system. Steiner was a prolific researcher and speaker, using his created method of “spiritual science” to study the inherent wisdom of humanity (anthroposophy). His research was based on his own spiritual and visionary experiences and intuitive insights, as well as studies he undertook with Theosophists and...

Keywords

Anthroposophic Medicine Compost Pile Stinging Nettle Spiritual Science Quartz Silica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Huber, K., et al. The monastery study: How does food quality affect body, soul and spirit? Biodynamic Agricultural Association.Google Scholar
  2. Masson, P. (2011). A biodynamic manual: Practical instructions for farmers and gardeners. Edinburgh: Floris Books.Google Scholar
  3. Mӓder, P., et al. (2002). Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming. Science, 296, 1694–1697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Pfeiffer, E. (2011). Pfeiffer’s introduction to biodynamics. Edinburgh: Floris Books.Google Scholar
  5. Podolinsky, A. (1996). Bio dynamic agriculture introductory lectures vol 1. St. Leonards: Gavemer Publishing.Google Scholar
  6. Stalin, V., et al. (2010). Effects of selected organic and biodynamic manures on the yield of Abelmoschus escutentus. The IUP Journal of Life Sciences, 4, 19–41.Google Scholar
  7. Steiner, R. (2005). What is biodynamics?: A way to heal and revitalize the earth: Seven lectures. London: Rudolph Steiner Press.Google Scholar
  8. Tompkins, P., & Bird, C. (1998). Secrets of the soil: New solutions for restoring our planet. Anchorage: Earthpulse Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Religion and Environmental Studies ProgramCollege of CharlestonCharlestonUSA