Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Argumentation Environments

  • Camillia Matuk
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_71-3


Argumentation environments are computer-based systems that engage and support learners in constructive and collaborative activities around argumentation, such as creating, editing, communicating, interpreting, and/or critiquing arguments. Scientific argumentation, as a process of building upon or refuting claims based on empirical evidence to arrive at agreed-upon scientific conclusions, challenges learners in that it requires both conceptual understanding of relevant content knowledge and mastery over various problem-solving and social skills. As such, argumentation environments typically consist of technology-based tools integrated into extended face-to-face or computer-supported activities for K-16 students and designed to address the dual pedagogical goals of helping students learn the practices of scientific argumentation (learning to argue), as well as the content knowledge necessary for engaging in those practices (arguing to learn) (Scheuer et al. 2010).

Features of...


Argument Representation Argumentation Skill Argumentative Structure Argumentation Environment Chat Application 
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  1. Andriessen JEB (2006) Arguing to learn. In: Sawyer K (ed) Handbook of the learning sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 443–459Google Scholar
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  3. Hilton M (2010) Exploring the intersection of science education and 21st century skills: A workshop summary. National Academy Press. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK32688/
  4. Scheuer O, Loll F, Pinkwart N, McLaren BM (2010) Computer-supported argumentation: A review of the state of the art. Int J Comput-Support Collab Learn 5(1):43–102. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11412-009-9080-x/fulltext.html
  5. Scheuer O, McLaren BM, Loll F, Pinkwart N (2012) Automated analysis and feedback techniques to support and teach argumentation: A survey. Educational Technologies for Teaching Argumentation Skills, Bentham Science Publishers. http://www.activemath.org/pubs/Scheueretal-AnalysisFeedbackArgumentationSurvey-2010.pdf

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA