Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Science Education in Mainland China

  • Bangping DingEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_530-1


The last three decades have seen a tremendous transformation of school science education in mainland China in terms of provision and access, curriculum and pedagogy, and assessment. In addition, there has been major transformation in science teacher education. In part these reforms of science education have been in response to international science education trends and reforms which have provided impetus and influence as the Chinese government has continually followed the policy of reform and opening up to the world. And in part the reforms arise from the rapid social changes that have taken place in the realms of Chinese economy, politics, and social life (Wei 2008).

As is the case with schooling in general within mainland China, it is generally recognized that Chinese science education has had little visibility internationally. This is most likely because of the lack of science education research done by Chinese science educators who can publish in major international...


Science Education Science Teacher Junior High School Science Curriculum Senior High School 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. American Association for the Advancement of Science (1989) Project 2061: Science for all Americans. Washington, DC: AAAS.Google Scholar
  2. Gao L (1998) Cultural context of school science teaching and learning in the People’s Republic of China. Sci Educ 82(1):1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hurd PH (1985) Precollege science education in the People's Republic of China. In MS Klein and FJ Rutherford (eds) Science education in global perspective. Washington DC: American Association for the Advancement of ScienceGoogle Scholar
  4. Landsdown B, Blackwood PE, and Brandwein PF (1971) Teaching elementary science through investigation and colloquium. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, IncGoogle Scholar
  5. Levin KM (1987) Science education in China: transformation and change in the 1980s. Comp Educ Rev 31(3):419–441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. National Research Council (1995) National science education standards. Washington, DC: NRCGoogle Scholar
  7. Wang J (1997) A contextual examination of school physics in China. Sci Educ 81(3):333–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Wang Z (2002) Saving China through science: the Science Society of China, scientific nationalism, and civil society in Republican China. Osiris 17(2):291–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Wei B (2008) Science curriculum development in mainland China: retrospect and reflection for the past 30 years. J Chin Soc Educ 11:5–8 [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  10. Ye L (1982) An investigation of science education in the USA. Curriculum, Teaching Material and Method, No. 4Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Capital Normal UniversityBeijingChina