Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Science Education in Iran

  • Zahra Niknam
  • Mahmoud Amani Tehrani
  • Ahmadreza Niknam
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_528-1

Iran’s history as one of the oldest empires dates back to the seventh century BCE. Iranians were mainly Zoroastrians and considered themselves Aryan Persians. Over the pre-Islamic period, instruction in reading, writing, mathematics, medicine, and astronomy was accessible to privileged higher social classes. The wars between Arab Moslems and Persians brought the Old Iranian (Persian) Sassanid Empire and its central government to an end in the seventh century CE. The influence of Islam on Iran changed not only the political climate but also cultural worldview of Persians. Islamic teachings such as monotheism, justice, brotherhood, and equality for all human beings have influenced the Iranian mind.

After the arrival of Islam, Iran’s history witnessed much social and political upheaval. Historians of Iran mention the tenth and eleventh centuries as the first golden age of scientific and social development (Nasr 2009). Iranian Moslem scientists extended the frontiers of science based on...


Science Education Science Curriculum Science Textbook Islamic Teaching Islamic Revolution 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kharazmi UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Organization for Research and Educational PlanningTehranIran
  3. 3.Isfahan UniversityIsfahanIran