Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Assessment to Inform Science Education

  • Ellen Mandinach
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_516-2


Accountability; Data-driven decision making; Formative assessment; Proximal formative assessment; Summative assessment; Validity

Assessment in science education, like other disciplines, is evolving into measures designed so that they can be used to inform instruction and learning, not be used just for accountability purposes. It is essential that instruction and assessment be linked and form a feedback loop in which assessment results inform instructional decisions, but the assessments must be closely aligned to the instructional objectives in order for this to happen. The tighter the feedback loop, the more instructionally relevant the data become. The longer the delay, the less useful the data will be for instructional purposes. For example, state accountability testing often occurs in the spring and results are delivered to educators for the following academic year. There are two major issues here. First the test may not be sufficiently aligned to the educational...


Feedback Loop Formative Assessment Content Area Instructional Practice Summative Assessment 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WestEd, Evaluation Research ProgramWashingtonUSA