Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Longitudinal Studies in Science Education

  • Hanna J. ArziEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_512-3


Cross-sectional studies; Learning progressions; Longitudinal studies; Long-term processes; Research designs; Retrospective studies; Trend studies

In research terminology, the adjective “longitudinal” refers to features of research designs for studies conducted over time. Since education is a gradual process with long-term goals, such studies are essential to elucidate what happens, how, and why. This entry offers a working definition for longitudinal studies and discusses “true” longitudinal research designs that are the gold standard for investigating continuity and change. They are juxtaposed with complementary trend, retrospective, and cross-sectional research designs. The entry makes comments on published longitudinal studies in science education, and attends to the persistent issue of insufficient research-based knowledge across themes along the time dimension.

Working Definition for Longitudinal Studies in Science Education

The established tradition of longitudinal...


Science Education Learn Progression Longitudinal Research Design Science Education Literature Special Journal Issue 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Independent ScholarTel AvivIsrael