Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Access of Historically Excluded Groups to Tertiary STEM Education

  • Marissa Rollnick
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_425-2


Access programmes

In most countries access to tertiary STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) study is restricted to those who attend schools that offer prerequisite preparation, predominantly in mathematics, the main gatekeeping requirement to STEM study in almost all contexts around the world. This restriction leads to either a shortage or a lack of diversity among STEM students, as these schools usually serve the middle and upper socioeconomic groups in any population. In developing countries this pattern is exaggerated even further to the extent that students of first-year undergraduate science classes are often drawn from just a few schools in the whole country. For example, in 1999/2000, 65–75 % of students admitted to two of Ghana’s most prestigious universities were...


Metacognitive Skill Access Program School Leaver Country Access Language Support 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marang Center for Research in Mathematics and Science Education University of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa