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Interventions, Gender-Related

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Beginning with Alison Kelly’s (1985) research, scholars have identified and practitioners have implemented interventions that address girls’ interest in, attitudes about, and success in science. Originally, gender-related interventions addressed equity issues in curriculum and in classroom interactions. Early interventions were based on Mary Budd Rowe’s (1986) studies of wait time and tinkering time, on Kenneth Tobin and James Gallagher’s (1987) identification of target students, and on Kelly’s analysis of gender differences in spatial ability. Curricular materials that are focused on relationships as well as rules involve people as well as machines; use pragmatic, not dogmatic, approaches; view the world as a network, not a hierarchy of relationships; emphasize the aesthetic as well as analytical aspects of science; and focus on nurturing living beings as well as inanimate things are gender-related interventions (Small 1984).

Inquiry instruction is an intervention that enhances the...


  • Gender Difference
  • Early Intervention
  • Inquiry Instruction
  • Wait Time
  • Science Classroom

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Correspondence to Jane Butler Kahle .

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© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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Kahle, J.B. (2014). Interventions, Gender-Related. In: Gunstone, R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Science Education. Springer, Dordrecht.

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  • Online ISBN: 978-94-007-6165-0

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