Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Acculturation

  • Glen Aikenhead
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_348-2

Acculturation is a concept borrowed from cultural anthropology and applied to education (Eisenhart 2001; Aikenhead 1996), in which teaching-learning is understood as cultural transmission-acquisition and meaningful learning is assumed. Within cultural anthropology, science has been described as a cultural entity (an ordered system of meaning and symbols, in terms of which social interaction takes place; according to Geertz 1973). As a subculture of Euro-American cultures, Eurocentric science (ES) can be distinguished from other cultural ways of rationally and empirically describing and explaining the physical world (Aikenhead and Ogawa 2007).

Accordingly, conventional science education seeks to transmit the culture of ES to students so they can conceptualize, talk, value, and behave scientifically – being scientific. Two extreme reactions can result. Science-oriented students are eager to be identified with being scientific because their worldviews tend to harmonize with a worldview...

Keywords

Indigenous Knowledge Indigenous Student Classroom Learn Environment Everyday World Indigenous Knowledge System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Aikenhead GS (1996) Science education: border crossing into the subculture of science. Stud Sci Educ 27:1–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aikenhead GS, Jegede OJ (1999) Cross-cultural science education: a cognitive explanation of a cultural phenomenon. J Res Sci Teach 36:269–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aikenhead GS, Ogawa M (2007) Indigenous knowledge and science revisited. Cult Stud Sci Educ 2:539–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Eisenhart M (2001) Changing conceptions of culture and ethnographic methodology: recent thematic shifts and their implications for research on teaching. In: Richardson V (ed) Handbook of research on teaching, 4th edn. American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC, pp 209–225Google Scholar
  5. Geertz C (1973) The interpretation of culture. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aboriginal Education Research CentreUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada