Acculturation is a concept borrowed from cultural anthropology and applied to education (Eisenhart 2001; Aikenhead 1996), in which teaching-learning is understood as cultural transmission-acquisition and meaningful learning is assumed. Within cultural anthropology, science has been described as a cultural entity (an ordered system of meaning and symbols, in terms of which social interaction takes place; according to Geertz 1973). As a subculture of Euro-American cultures, Eurocentric science (ES) can be distinguished from other cultural ways of rationally and empirically describing and explaining the physical world (Aikenhead and Ogawa 2007).
Accordingly, conventional science education seeks to transmit the culture of ES to students so they can conceptualize, talk, value, and behave scientifically – being scientific. Two extreme reactions can result. Science-oriented students are eager to be identified with being scientific because their worldviews tend to harmonize with a worldview...
KeywordsIndigenous Knowledge Indigenous Student Classroom Learn Environment Everyday World Indigenous Knowledge System
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