Facts, Concepts, Principles, and Theories in Science, Assessment of: An Overview
Facts, concepts, principles, laws, and theories are components of science information. Inferences are made regarding individuals’ knowledge about and understanding of these components based on those individuals’ responses to assessment items or teachers’ questions.
Measurement of knowledge about and understanding science information is challenging for several reasons. One challenge relates to the difference between knowing about and understanding. A second challenge relates to the fact that knowledge about and understanding always involves the measurement of abilities. A third challenge relates to differences in how these components are labeled and defined in the science education literature.
KeywordsBoiling Point Science Information Natural Phenomenon Item Type Single Entity
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