Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Epistemology

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_256-2

Synonyms

Cognition, social, and institutional processes; Inquiry; NOS (nature of science); Scientific methods

Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that addresses questions involving our ideal cognitive aims and achievements, which include knowledge, justification, explanation, understanding, and wisdom. Epistemology is distinct from the two other branches of philosophy, i.e., metaphysics (which deals with questions of existence, reality, and ontology) and ethics (which deals with questions of moral value and right action). The kinds of questions considered by epistemologists include the following: What are knowledge, justification, explanation, understanding, and wisdom? Can these epistemic aims be attained? If so, how might these epistemic aims be attained? These questions thus concern our cognitive relations and access to the world and so explore the various sources of human knowledge, including perception, memory, reason, testimony, intuition, introspection, revelation, and...

Keywords

Science Education Epistemological Belief Epistemic Belief Epistemic Virtue Science Education Researcher 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Chinn CA, Buckland LA, Samarapungavan A (2011) Expanding the dimensions of epistemic cognition: arguments from philosophy and psychology. Educ Psychol 46:141–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hofer BK, Pintrich PR (1997) The development of epistemological theories: beliefs about knowledge and knowing and their relation to learning. Rev Educ Res 67:88–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Moser PK (2002) The Oxford handbook of epistemology. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Perry WG Jr (1999) Forms of intellectual and ethical development in the college years: a scheme. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco. Original work published 1968Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rutgers Graduate School of EducationNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyRutgers Graduate School of EducationNew BrunswickUSA