Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone


  • Luke BucklandEmail author
  • Clark Chinn
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_256-2


Cognition, social, and institutional processes; Inquiry; NOS (nature of science); Scientific methods

Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that addresses questions involving our ideal cognitive aims and achievements, which include knowledge, justification, explanation, understanding, and wisdom. Epistemology is distinct from the two other branches of philosophy, i.e., metaphysics (which deals with questions of existence, reality, and ontology) and ethics (which deals with questions of moral value and right action). The kinds of questions considered by epistemologists include the following: What are knowledge, justification, explanation, understanding, and wisdom? Can these epistemic aims be attained? If so, how might these epistemic aims be attained? These questions thus concern our cognitive relations and access to the world and so explore the various sources of human knowledge, including perception, memory, reason, testimony, intuition, introspection, revelation, and...


Science Education Epistemological Belief Epistemic Belief Epistemic Virtue Science Education Researcher 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rutgers Graduate School of EducationNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyRutgers Graduate School of EducationNew BrunswickUSA