Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Pedagogical Knowledge

  • Judith MulhollandEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_204-2
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Synonyms

Pedagogical content knowledge; Teacher knowledge

Pedagogical knowledge (PK) is a term used for knowledge of how to teach that is applicable across a range of teaching areas. The term general pedagogical knowledge (GPK) is sometimes used as a synonym so that a distinction can be made between knowledge of how to teach generally and knowledge of how to teach a particular subject area which is usually referred to as pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). Shulman (1987) described seven types of teacher knowledge: content knowledge, general pedagogical knowledge, curriculum knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, knowledge of learners, knowledge of educational contexts, and knowledge of educational aims, purposes, and values. General pedagogical knowledge (GPK) is described as “those broad principals and strategies of classroom management and organisation that appear to transcend subject matter” (Shulman 1987, p. 8). Some writers have used each of the knowledge types described by...

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References

  1. Gess-Newsome J (1999) Pedagogical content knowledge: an introduction and orientation. In: Gess-Newsome J, Lederman NG (eds) Examining pedagogical content knowledge: the construct and its implications for science education. Kluwer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  2. Mulholland J, Wallace J (2005) Growing the tree of teacher knowledge: ten years of learning to teach elementary science. J Res Sci Teach 42(7):767–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Sanders LR, Borko H, Lockard JD (1993) Secondary science teachers’ knowledge base when teaching science courses in and out of their area of certification. J Res Sci Teach 30(7):723–736CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Shulman L (1987) Knowledge and teaching: foundations of the new reform. Harv Educ Rev 57(1):1–22Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Catholic UniversityBanyoAustralia