Engineering and Technology: Assessing Understanding of Similarities and Differences Between Them
A variety of meanings have been associated with the terms engineering and technology. The definitions for this encyclopedia entry are based on numerous documents produced by national sets of experts. The National Academy of Engineering report, Standards for K-12 Engineering Education? (NAE 2010), surveyed standard documents in engineering, technology, science, and mathematics to identify common engineering concepts and skills. The National Assessment Governing Board supported development of the Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) Framework for the 2014 National Assessment of Educational Progress. The National Research Council of the National Academies has published the Framework for K-12 Science Education, which, along with a draft Next Generation Science Standards, integrates engineering ideas and practices with those in science (NRC 2012; Achieve 2012). Definitions of engineering and technology can be culled from these frameworks and standards developed by engineering and...
KeywordsEngineering Design Cognitive Demand Engineering Literacy Student Model Engineering Concept
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