Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Analogies in Science

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_184-2

Synonyms

Analog; Analogies; Scientists; Target

Analogies help scientists and everyday people make sense of the natural phenomena that surround them. We have an everyday object, event, or story that is well understood – this is called an analog, and a science concept to which it is compared called the target. Links – called mappings – are then made between the analog and the target. Mappings can be positive, ways in which the target is like the analog; negative, ways in which the target is not like the analog; and neutral, when it is not clear whether the target is or is not like the analog.

A visualization of mapping by Duit ( 1991) shows there may be identical features in parts of the analog (R1) and target (R2); the model (Rm) then represents similarity – with analogy (A) representing the relation between analog and target (Fig. 1).

Keywords

Solar System Natural Phenomenon Science Concept Science Learn Identical Feature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Duit R (1991) On the role of metaphors and analogies in learning science. Sci Educ 75(6):649–672CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vice-Chancellor’s OfficeThe University of FijiSaweniFiji Islands