Analogies in Science
Analogies help scientists and everyday people make sense of the natural phenomena that surround them. We have an everyday object, event, or story that is well understood – this is called an analog, and a science concept to which it is compared called the target. Links – called mappings – are then made between the analog and the target. Mappings can be positive, ways in which the target is like the analog; negative, ways in which the target is not like the analog; and neutral, when it is not clear whether the target is or is not like the analog.