Evidence-Based Practice in Science Education
The special task of the social scientist in each generation is to pin down the contemporary facts. Beyond that, he shares with the humanistic scholar and the artist in the effort to gain insight into contemporary relationships, and to align the culture’s view of man with present realities. (Cronbach 1975, p. 126)
Evidence-based practice in science education is the conscious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence to make and implement decisions. The best evidence comes from rigorous empirical research on the efficacy of interventions for improving students’ science learning.
Many science education reformers look to evidence-based practice in medicine as a model. Our definition is consistent with Sackett et al.’s (1996) definition of evidence-based medical practice, and there are similarities between the fields. For example, both medicine and education face considerable organizational...