Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Model of Educational Reconstruction

  • Reinders DuitEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_157-1

A key feature of the Educational Reconstruction approach is that in planning instruction – by teachers or curriculum developers – the science content to be learned and students’ cognitive and affective variables, including their learning processes, should be given equal attention. In addition, the science content is not viewed as “given” but has to undergo certain reconstruction processes. The science content structure (e.g., for the concept of evolution) has to be transformed into a content structure for instruction. The two structures are fundamentally different. The first step in this reconstruction, called “elementarization” (in German, Elementarisierung), is to identify the elementary ideas that relate to the aims of instruction, taking into account student perspectives (e.g., their pre-instructional conceptions). Then the content structure for instruction has to be developed. Finally, teaching and learning settings have to be designed. The tendency of many approaches aiming at...


Instructional Design Science Content Learn Sequence Content Structure Developmental Research 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IPN-Leibniz Institut for Science and Mathematics EducationKielGermany