Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Situated Learning

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_133-2

Synonyms

A Situated View on Learning and Cognition

The traditional view of schooling treats knowledge as an independent entity, consisting of abstract, decontextualized formal concepts, which should be transferred from an external source to the learner. A problem with teaching practices based on this view is that they often lead to isolated and inert knowledge. Knowledge domains acquired through traditional schooling are often learned and stored in memory isolated from each other and therefore difficult to access. Inertness of knowledge refers to the problem that students are not well capable of using the knowledge they have acquired to solve problems in practice.

The key idea of situated learning is that knowledge and cognition cannot be separated from the situations in which they are learned and used. The notion of authentic activity plays a key role in this view of learning and cognition. The...

Keywords

Mathematical Thinking Conceptual Tool Medical Science Education Cognitive Tool Authentic Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Brown JS, Collins A, Duguid P (1989) Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educ Res 18(1):32–42Google Scholar
  2. Clancey WJ (1997) Situated cognition: on human knowledge and computer representations. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Collins A, Brown JS, Newman SE (1989) Cognitive apprenticeship: teaching the crafts of reading, writing, and mathematics. In: Resnick LB (ed) Knowing, learning, and instruction: essays in honor of Robert Glaser. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 453–494Google Scholar
  4. Hennessy S (1993) Situated cognition and cognitive apprenticeship: implications for classroom learning. Stud Sci Educ 22:1–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Sawyer RK, Greeno JG (2009) Situativity and learning. In: Robbins P, Aydede M (eds) The Cambridge handbook of situated cognition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 347–367Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK