Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Memory and Science Learning

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_122-2

Synonyms

Introduction

Human memory can be thought of as the capacity for retaining and recalling experience. This retention can vary from a matter of milliseconds to a lifetime, and similarly the nature of recall can vary greatly. I will qualify the discussion here to specifically consider events for which attention plays a role and where the individual has the opportunity to control aspects of their cognition for tasks such as learning.

The second half of the twentieth century gave rise to modern theories of cognition and memory, many of which paralleled the emergence of computing technologies and the broad conceptual framework of information processing. The current accepted psychological models of memory trace their roots to early work by Broadbent and later by Treisman, Atkinson and Shiffrin, Neisser, Cowan, and Baddeley in the 1960s through 1980s.

Information Processing Models of Memory

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References

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  4. Rolls ET (2008) Memory, attention, and decision-making: a unifying computational neuroscience approach. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Wickens CD, Hollands JG (2000) Engineering psychology and human performance, 3rd edn. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.North Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA