Encyclopedia of Science Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Richard Gunstone

Learning Progressions

  • Amelia Wenk GotwalsEmail author
  • Charles W. Anderson
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6165-0_120-2


What Are Learning Progressions?

Children come to school with powerful ways of making sense of the world around them. Their ways of reasoning work in familiar situations; however, this naïve reasoning is often not scientifically accurate and may not hold up when students encounter phenomena that their reasoning schemes cannot explain. A central goal of K-12 science education throughout the world is to support students in moving from their initial ways of reasoning about the world to more coherent scientific reasoning that fuses science practices, crosscutting concepts, and disciplinary core ideas that hold broad explanatory power (e.g., National Research Council 2011). However, even after over a decade of formal science education, many students leave high school still using their initial sense-making schemes to explain the natural world.

Developmental psychology, sociocultural theory, science education, and other...


Science Education Formative Assessment Science Practice Classroom Learning Standard Document 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA