Heterogeneity of Thinking and Speaking
Heterogeneity of thinking means that in any culture and in any individual, there exists not one, homogeneous form of thinking, but different types of verbal thinking (Tulviste 1991). This general idea can be also found in other formulations, for example, in the “tool kit” analogy used by Wittgenstein for characterizing his language games. It expresses, also, an acknowledgement that word meanings are essentially polysemous.
The notion of heterogeneity despite genetic hierarchy, discussed by Wertsch (1991), assumes that different forms of thinking can be ranked genetically (in the sense of development or generation), but the latter forms are not assumed to be more powerful. Based on the notion of “spheres of life” mentioned by William James in his description of where common sense, science, and critical philosophy may be adequate and appropriate, and on the “activity-oriented” approach outlined by Tulviste, Wertsch assumes that the development of new forms of activity gives rise to new...
KeywordsTeaching Sequence Communicative Approach Everyday Language Scientific View Commonsense View
- Bachelard G (1968) The philosophy of No. The Orion Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Bakhtin MM (1981) The dialogic imagination: four essays by M. M. Bakhtin. University of Texas Press, AustinGoogle Scholar
- Mortimer EF, El-Hani CN (2014) Conceptual profiles: a theory of teaching and learning scientific concepts. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Mortimer EF, Scott PH (2003) Meaning making in secondary science classroom. Open University Press, MaidenheadGoogle Scholar
- Tulviste P (1991) The cultural-historical development of verbal thinking. Nova Science, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Wertsch JV (1991) Voices of the mind: a sociocultural approach to mediated action. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar