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High Performance Polymer Alloys and Blends for Special Applications

  • Mark T. DeMeuse
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter discusses blends that are based on the use of high performance polymers. Both miscible and immiscible mixtures of such polymers are discussed and advantages that are provided by both types of blends are highlighted. It is pointed out that due primarily to the molecular conformation of high performance polymers the criteria for obtaining miscible mixtures of these type of polymers are different than for more flexible type polymers and the influence of the entropic energy of mixing is emphasized. The continued need for in-depth structure–property studies of blends that contain high performance polymers is stressed so that a better understanding of the molecular features that lead to miscibility can be obtained. In addition, the requirement of improved theoretical models that explicitly consider the molecular conformation of the two polymers in a mixture is discussed in detail.

Keywords

Polymer Blend Thermoplastic Polymer Liquid Crystal Polymer High Performance Polymer Phase Separation Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Notations and Abbreviations

6F

Hexafluoroisopropylidene

ABPBI

Poly (2,5 (6′) benzimidazole)

ABPBT

Poly(2, 5 (6′) benzothiazole)

BMI

Bismaleimide

DMA

Dynamic mechanical analysis

DMF

Dimethyl formamide

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetry

HBA

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid

HNA

6-Hydroxy-2-napthoic acid

HPP

High performance polymer

HQ

Hydroquinone

IPN

Interpenetrating network

IR

Infrared

LCP

Liquid crystal polymer

LMWLC

Low molecular weight liquid crystal

M1

Modulus of component 1

M2

Modulus of component 2

Mblend

Modulus of blend

NO2 – PBI

Nitro-substituted poly (benzimidazole)

PA11

Polyamide 11

PBI

Poly (benzimidazole)

PBT

Poly (p-phenylene benzobisthiazole)

PC

Polycarbonate

PEEK

Poly (etheretherketone)

PEI

Poly (etherimide)

PET

Poly (ethylene terephthalate)

PI

Polyimide

PPS

Poly (phenylene sulfide)

PPTA

Poly (p-phenylene terephthalamide)

PS

Polystyrene

PSF

Polysulfone

PVP

Poly (4-vinyl pyridine)

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SPSF

Sulfonated polysulfone

TA

Terephthalic acid

Tg

Glass transition temperature

Tg1

Glass transition temperature of component 1

Tg2

Glass transition temperature of component 2

Tgblend

Glass transition temperature of blend

TLCP

Thermotropic liquid crystal polymer

Tm

Melting temperature

v1

Volume fraction of component 1

v2

Volume fraction of component 2

VP-S

1-Vinyl pyrrolidone-co-styrene

w1

Weight fraction of component 1

w2

Weight fraction of component 2

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MTD Polymer ConsultingCharlotteUSA

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