Reference Work Entry

Planets, Stars and Stellar Systems

pp 99-174

Infrared Astronomy Fundamentals

  • Alan T. TokunagaAffiliated withInstitute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii
  • , William D. VaccaAffiliated withSOFIA, NASA Ames Research Center
  • , Erick T. YoungDr.Affiliated withSOFIA, NASA Ames Research Center


This chapter provides basic information on infrared astronomy as practiced from the ground, in the air, and in space. The focus in this chapter is on atmospheric and background limitations, basic data reduction techniques, absolute calibration, and photometry.