Encyclopedia of Mathematics Education

2014 Edition
| Editors: Stephen Lerman

Sociomathematical Norms in Mathematics Education

  • Michelle StephanEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-4978-8_143
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Definition

Sociomathematical norms are the normative criteria by which students within classroom communities create and justify their mathematical work. Examples include negotiating the criteria for what counts as a different, efficient, or sophisticated mathematical solution and the criteria for what counts as an acceptable mathematical explanation.

Characteristics

Social Norms

Social norms refer to the expectations that the teacher and students have for one another during academic discussions. Social norms are present in any classroom, including science and, English, for example. However, the social norms that are established within a student-centered classroom look very different from those in a traditional environment. Yackel and Cobb (1996) have documented at least four social norms that support student-centered instruction: Students are expected to (1) explain and justify their solutions and methods, (2) attempt to make sense of others’ explanations, (3) indicate agreement or...

Keywords

Sociomath norms Social norms Emergent perspective Intellectual autonomy 
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Education, Middle Secondary DepartmentThe University of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA