The Nile, the World’s longest river, is well endowed with wetlands, including the Sudd, one of the World’s largest. The wetlands are not only biodiversity hotspots but also vital for the livelihoods and wellbeing of people. In total there are 14 Ramsar Sites in the basin and thousands of smaller, lesser-known wetlands. Many of these wetlands sustain rural communities through the provision of drinking water and by supporting fisheries, livestock and cultivation. There are a number of current threats to the basin wetlands, including inappropriate agricultural practices, overfishing, invasive species, and extraction of minerals and oil. Ambitious plans for hydropower and irrigation development, as well as rapid population increase and climate change, all pose future challenges to the sustainable management of the wetlands.
KeywordsBiodiversity Hydrology Livelihoods Ecosystem services Agriculture Fisheries
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