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The Wetland Book pp 1793-1799 | Cite as

Tram Chim: Mekong River Basin (Vietnam)

  • Triet Tran
  • Jeb Barzen
Reference work entry

Abstract

Tram Chim National Park (7,313 ha) preserves the largest remnant of the Plain of Reeds, a freshwater floodplain once covered approximately one million hectares of the Mekong Delta in Cambodia and Vietnam. Wetlands in Tram Chim are of three main types: Melaleuca woodland, seasonally inundated marsh and permanently inundated swamp. The biodiversity of Tram Chim wetlands is very diverse, especially in fish and bird. Tram Chim is an important site for migrating birds and one of the most important wintering sites of the threatened Eastern sarus crane Grus antigone sharpii in the Mekong Delta. Wetland products from Tram Chim, especially fish and grazing grasses, are important for subsistent livelihoods of the local communities. Located downstream of the Mekong River, Tram Chim wetlands are vulnerable to abrupt environmental changes caused by upstream hydropower development.

Keywords

Tram Chim Mekong Delta Plain of Reeds Sarus crane Hydropower 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Crane FoundationBarabooUSA
  2. 2.University of Natural Science, Vietnam National UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Private Lands ConservationSpring GreenUSA

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