Reference work entry


Estuaries are among the most productive and valuable ecosystems on the planet, offering a wide array of ecosystem services to human beings and wildlife. They are also the among the most impacted by human activities.


Estuarine classification Salt wedge Partially and well mixed estuaries Fjords and lagoons Tidal rhythms Productivity Biodiversity Ecosystem services Human impacts 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Acadia Centre for Estuarine ResearchAcadia UniversityWolfvilleCanada

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