The Wetland Book pp 1057-1065 | Cite as

Karst Wetlands in the Dinaric Karst

Reference work entry

Abstract

Dinaric karst is the largest continuous karst area in Europe and among the largest in the world extending over 60,000 km2 from the Soča (Isonzo) River in the northwest to Skadar (Shkodra) Lake in the southeast, and between the Pannonian Basin and the islands or coast of the Adriatic Sea. Parts of the Dinaric karst have been internationally listed as Ramsar Sites and World Heritage properties as well as receiving different national level designations. Classified into two major groups: karst depressions (including poljes, blind and pocket valleys, uvalas, lakes, and dolines) and water caves (including ponors and karst springs), water that reaches the surface from underground can fluctuate as much as 200 m. In this chapter, the different types of Dinaric Karst wetlands and some of the challenges affecting their hydrology are briefly described.

Keywords

Dinaric Karst Karst phenomena Karst hydrology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Park Škocjanske jameDivačaSlovenia
  2. 2.Slovenian Academy of Sciences and ArtsLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Karst Research InstituteResearch Centre of the Slovenian Academy for Science and ArtsPostojnaSlovenia

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