The Wetland Book pp 1287-1298 | Cite as

The Mayas Wetlands of the Dinder and Rahad: Tributaries of the Blue Nile Basin (Sudan)

  • Khalid Hassaballah
  • Yasir A. Mohamed
  • Stefan Uhlenbrook
Reference work entry


Mayas wetlands forms an important ecological zone in the arid and semiarid Sodano – Saharan region in Dinder and Rahad basins. They are the most unique feature of the Dinder National Park (DNP) and one of its three major ecosystems. “Mayas” is a local name for floodplain wetlands that are found on both sides along the Dinder and Rahad Rivers. According to DNP authority, there are more than 40 mayas that are part of the rivers Dinder and Rahad ecosystems inside the DNP. They are the main source of food and water for wildlife (herbivores) especially during the dry season which extends from November to June. The mayas support large communities of wildlife and provide a refuge for a large number of migratory birds. Recently, the Dinder River has experienced significant changes of floodplain hydrology (i.e. dryness of some of the major mayas), and the reasons are not fully identified. This has significant negative implications on the mayas ecosystem functions and services. Thus, understanding the climate variability and its hydrological impacts is important for water resources management and sustainable ecosystem conservations.


Dinder and Rahad basins Dinder National Park Mayas ecosystem 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khalid Hassaballah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yasir A. Mohamed
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Stefan Uhlenbrook
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water EducationDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Hydraulics Research CenterWad MedaniSudan
  3. 3.Hydraulic Research CenterMoWRIESudan
  4. 4.Department of Integrated Water Systems and GovernanceUNESCO-IHE, DADelftThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Faculty of Civil Engineering and Applied Geosciences, Water Resources SectionDelft University of Technology, GADelftThe Netherlands
  6. 6.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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