Blanket bog – a term first coined in 1935 – refers to areas of regular precipitation and generally cool climates where blanket mire develops as a mantle of peat smothering entire landscapes, blanket bog referring specifically to those parts of this peat-draped landscape which are entirely rain-fed (ombrotrophic) bogs. The blanket bog components in such a landscape predominate but are linked by areas of minerotrophic fen or other types of wetland system. A number of differing approaches can be used to describe individual blanket bog units but perhaps the most universally applicable is their geographic position within the landscape. The global extent of blanket bog may be larger than originally thought because certain habitat formations normally thought of as other habitat types may be more appropriately classified as blanket bog.
KeywordsBlanket bog Blanket mire Bog Cloud forest Cover moss Fen Fog Godwin Hollows Mesotope Minerotrophic Mire Mist Ombrotrophic Osvald Pools Precipitation Rain Ridges Saddle Scotland Spur Surface patterning Tierra del Fuego Valleyside Water-divide Waterlogging Watershed
- Bruijnzeel LA, Hamilton LS. Decision time for cloud forests. IHP Humid Tropics Programme series no. 13. Paris: UNESCO; 2000. http://www.unep-wcmc.org/resources-and-data/decision-time-for-cloud-forests. Accessed 3 Apr 2015.
- Ivanov KE. Water movement in mirelands. London: Academic; 1981.Google Scholar
- Lindsay RA. Bogs: the ecology, classification and conservation of ombrotrophic mires. Perth: Scottish Natural Heritage; 1995.Google Scholar
- Lindsay RA. Peatbogs and carbon: a critical synthesis to inform policy development in oceanic peat bog conservation and restoration in the context of climate change. Commissioned report to the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. 2010. http://www.rspb.org.uk/Images/Peatbogs_and_carbon_tcm9-255200.pdf. (low resolution). http://www.uel.ac.uk/erg/PeatandCarbonReport.htm. (high resolution: downloadable in sections). Accessed 2 Feb 2015.
- Lindsay RA, Charman DJ, Everingham F, O’Reilly RM, Palmer MA, Rowell TA, Stroud DA. The flow country: the peatlands of Caithness and Sutherland. Ratcliffe DA, Oswald P, editors. Peterborough: Nature Conservancy Council; 1988.Google Scholar
- Lindsay R, Birnie R, Clough J. IUCN UK Committee Peatland Programme, Briefing note no. 2 – Peat Bog ecosystems: structure, form, state and condition. Edinburgh: IUCN UK National Committee; 2014. http://www.iucn-uk-peatlandprogramme.org/sites/www.iucn-uk-peatlandprogramme.org/files/2%20Biodiversity%20final%20-%205th%20November%202014.pdf. Accessed 4 Apr 2015.
- Moen A. Classification of mires for conservation purposes in Norway. Aquilo Seria Botanica. 1985;21:95–100.Google Scholar
- Osvald H. Notes on the vegetation of British and Irish mosses. Acta Phytogeographica Suecica. 1949;26:1–62.Google Scholar
- Pearsall WH. Mountains and Moorlands. London: Collins; 1950.Google Scholar
- Tansley AG. The British islands and their vegetation. Cambridge, UK: The University Press; 1939.Google Scholar