Lake Chilika (India): Ecological Restoration and Adaptive Management for Conservation and Wise Use
Lake Chilika, a coastal lagoon of high biodiversity significance and base of livelihoods of 0.2 million fishers, was placed under the Montreux Record of Ramsar Convention due to adverse change in ecological character triggered primarily by changes in lagoon’s connectivity with Bay of Bengal. An ecological restoration program, built on adaptive and participatory lake basin management program, implemented since 2000 has led to rapid recovery of wetland resources, particularly fisheries and a rejuvenation of aquatic biodiversity. The role of Chilika Development Authority, entrusted with design and implementation of restoration program in coordination with various sectoral agencies, is a wetland governance exemplar. The site was delisted from Montreux Record in 2002.
KeywordsAdaptive management Fisheries Livelihoods Management planning Montreux record
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