The Wetland Book pp 1725-1732 | Cite as

Saline Wetlands of the Arid Zone of Western India

  • Malavika ChauhanEmail author
  • Brij GopalEmail author
Reference work entry


The arid zone of western India hosts many natural wetlands which include the salt lakes such as Lake Sambhar- a Ramsar site in Rajasthan, and intertidal mud flats, saline marshes, and Avicennia-dominated mangroves in Gujarat. These wetlands have a relatively low but highly characteristic biodiversity that includes endemic and threatened species such as wild ass. Despite some conservation efforts and a few protected areas, arid zone wetlands are threatened by conflicting, multiple demands on their natural resources, changing hydrology, industry and anticipated climate change. Water management remains the most important future challenge in an already water-scarce region.


Sambhar Lake Mangroves Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary Kachchh Desert Wildlife Sanctuary Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary Banni Grasslands Reserve 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Himmotthan SocietyDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Inland Waters in South AsiaJaipurIndia

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