Copper River Delta, Alaska (USA)

  • Frederic A. Reid
  • Daniel Fehringer
  • Richard G. Kempka
Reference work entry


The Copper River Delta of south-central Alaska is the largest wetland on the Pacific Coast of North America, stretching more than 75 km along the coast and up to 50 km inland. This coastal wetland complex is bordered by coastal mountains to the north (up to 2,300 m), Prince William Sound and the Gulf of Alaska to the south, and the largest glacial system of North America (Bering complex) to the east. This 252,000 ha wetland complex has minimal human disturbance, except for minor timber harvest. A 1964 earthquake of 9.2 Richter resulted in a 2–4 m uplift that modified hydrology and plant succession. This coastal delta serves as one of the most important migrational habitats for waterfowl and shorebirds on the continent.


Wetlands Prince William Sound Copper river delta Tectonics Plant succession Hydrology Western sandpiper Dunlin Trumpeter swan 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederic A. Reid
    • 1
  • Daniel Fehringer
    • 1
  • Richard G. Kempka
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Ducks Unlimited, Inc.Rancho CordovaUSA
  2. 2.The Climate TrustPortlandUSA

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