The Wetland Book pp 1155-1165 | Cite as

Peatlands of the Mediterranean Region

Reference work entry

Abstract

The generally arid climate of the Mediterranean region means that peatlands are typically small and scattered but these sites should not be overlooked. Peatlands are present in the vast majority of Mediterranean countries and make a disproportionately large contribution to regional biodiversity with endemic species recorded for several sites. These peatlands are often poorly documented and increasingly threatened by human activity, in particular the increasing need for agricultural land and water resources. The vast majority of sites are disturbed or destroyed but relatively natural sites do remain, particularly in mountainous regions. A greater focus on the important biodiversity and ecosystem service benefits of Mediterranean peatlands is needed, particularly in countries outside Europe.

Keywords

Agriculture Europe Levant Mire North Africa Peatland Wetland 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EnvironmentUniversity of YorkHeslington, YorkUK

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