Hospitals and Medical Schools in the Ottoman Empire

  • Mehmet Turgut
  • İbrahim Eren Akçiçek
  • Ahmet Tuncay Turgut
  • Yüksel Aydın Yazıcı
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_9955-2

Medical science is one of the most important professions in our world. In the Ottoman Empire, which was made up of several climate zones with unique health problems, the medical system was enriched by numerous cultural and scientific influences. The Ottoman medical system was based on folkloristic medicine, religious medicine called “prophetic medicine,” and mechanistic humoral medicine inherited from Greek antiquity and the influence of Paracelsus (Shefer-Mossensohn, 2009).

Hospitals in the Ottoman Empire were divided into certain sections, and appropriate treatment protocols were given, if a diagnosis of the disease was possible. In particular, homeless and poor people were not neglected. They had the same stature as in today’s state hospitals; the people who were called Gureba enjoyed free cure centers.

Süleymaniye Medical School (Madrasa)

The Süleymaniye Complex, a formal teaching institution in the Ottoman Empire, was built in İstanbul by the Ottoman architect Sinan (1489–1588)...

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Music Therapy Fifteenth Century Humoral Theory Peripheral Facial Palsy Color Miniature 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehmet Turgut
    • 1
  • İbrahim Eren Akçiçek
    • 2
  • Ahmet Tuncay Turgut
    • 3
  • Yüksel Aydın Yazıcı
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryAdnan Menderes University School of MedicineAydınTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Medical History and BioethicsŞifa University School of MedicineİzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyAnkara Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Council of Forensic MedicineİstanbulTurkey