Cotton in India

  • Tirthankar RoyEmail author
Living reference work entry

The Indian subcontinent is one of the world’s largest producers of cotton and cotton textiles. From a long time past, cotton and cotton textiles were major articles of trade. Due to the exposure to the world economy, cotton farming and textile production were shaped by a variety of external influences.

A key moment of transition in this history was the establishment of the British East India Company as a political power in the late eighteenth century. The Company was already a major buyer of cotton textiles for export to Europe. Later, as it gained territorial control, it tried to export raw cotton from India to the mills of Manchester. In the course of European interest in these Indian products, a great deal of data on Indian cotton and textile technology was collected. The knowledge revealed that while cotton was cheap in India, the yield of the lands that produced cotton was small. Despite this drawback, the availability of a wide range of natural dyeing materials and highly...


Cotton Textile Textile Production Textile Mill Cotton Variety Cotton Cultivation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.London School of Economics and Political ScienceLondonUK