Water Management in Ancient Peru

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_9458-2
Water management in ancient Peru began in the north coast Zaña Valley (Fig. 1). Here a 2.5 km-long canal dating to 4705 BCE was sourced by the Rio Nanchoc and supplied water to a small field system (Dillehay et al. 1997). Upon excavation, two additional, earlier canal profiles lay bedded below the topmost canal profile. Apparently the earliest, bottommost canal was covered by a soil deposition episode requiring construction of a higher level canal; this canal was covered by a later deposition event and the uppermost canal built. Starting from the deepest canal, each successive higher canal had a shallower slope built over the depositional layer covering the previous canal. The cross-sectional area of successive canal profiles increased from the bottommost to the highest level canal. In essence, the ancients discovered a basic tenet of fluid mechanics: to maintain the same flow rate for all canal phases, the canal cross-sectional area must increase as the slope decreases. From these...

Keywords

Vulnerability Index Archaeological Record Field System Coastal River Agricultural Sustainability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CFD Consultants InternationalLos GatosUSA