Medicine and Colonialism in Sri Lanka

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_8760-2

It has been argued that Western medicine introduced by European colonizers and missionaries saved millions of lives in Africa, Asia, and the Americas (Comaroff & Comaroff, 1992). In this context, Western medicine represented a higher civilization and social order that lifted people to modern ways of life. David Livingstone, known for his religious zealotry, chose a medical career to heal the suffering of Africans: “In the glow of love which Christianity inspires, I soon resolved to devote my life to the alleviation of human misery… and therefore set myself to obtain a medical education, in order to be qualified for that enterprise” (Livingstone, 1858; Moffat, 1969). Medical missionaries believed that the eradication of fatal diseases among the indigenous people would encourage the “heathens” to embrace Christianity. Commenting on the effort to establish a public health department in India by the British colonial government in the mid-nineteenth century, Florence Nightingale observed...

Keywords

Western Medicine Public Health Program Plantation Industry Immigrant Worker Rockefeller Foundation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Policy StudiesQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada