Maps and Mapmaking in Ancient Egypt

  • Hans Barnard
Living reference work entry

Maps, plans, and models present a reduced version of the real world, either existing or anticipated, by incorporating selected properties of reality, while intentionally disregarding others. The selection process is governed by the purpose of the final result. Maps and plans are two-dimensional representations of a three-dimensional reality, usually drawn at a smaller scale. This scale need not be uniform for a map to be useful, as clearly shown by the map of the London Underground, and can in special cases be 1:1 or even larger than reality. Selected details are replaced by symbols (such as the circles representing cities on a modern map of the world) or ignored (like individual buildings on a city plan). Other features are given a distinctive appearance (such as the color of the highways on a modern roadmap) or size (like the exaggerated width of the roads on the same roadmap). Many maps, plans, and models are not in fact based on the real world, but rather predate reality which is...


Walled City Architectural Plan Metropolitan Museum Middle Kingdom 19th Dynasty 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, and NELCUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA