Ibn Al-‘Arabī

  • William C. Chittick
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-3934-5_8643-2

Muḥyī al-Dīn ibn al-‘Arabī is one of the most influential Muslim thinkers of the past 700 years. Born in Murcia in present-day Spain in 1165, he set out for the western lands of Islam in 1200, traveled in the Arab countries and Turkey, and, in 1223, settled in Damascus, where he lived until his death in 1240. He wrote voluminously and attracted the attention of scholars and kings during his own lifetime. His magnum opus, al-Futūḥāt al-makkiyya (The Meccan Openings) – inspired sciences that were “opened” up to his soul during his pilgrimage to Mecca – will fill some 15,000 pages in its new edition. His most widely studied work, Fuṣūṣ al-ḥikam (The Bezels of Wisdom), is a short explication of the various modalities of wisdom embodied by 28 of God’s prophets, from Adam to Muhammad.

Ibn al-‘Arabī’s writings investigate every dimension of Islamic learning, from the Qur’ān and the Ḥadīth(the sayings of Muḥammad) to grammar, law, philosophy, psychology, and metaphysics. His basic...


Intellectual Tradition Islamic Learning Islamic Philosophy Intellectual Discipline Basic Accomplishment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Addas, C. (1993). Quest for the red sulphur: The life of Ibn ‘Arabī. Cambridge: The Islamic Texts Society.Google Scholar
  2. Bashier, S. H. (2004). Ibn al-‘Arabī’s Barzakh: The concept of the limit and the relationship between God and the world. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  3. Chittick, W. C. (1989). The Sufi path of knowledge: Ibn al-‘Arabī’s metaphysics of imagination. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  4. Chittick, W. C. (1998). The self-disclosure of God: Principles of Ibn al-‘Arabī’s cosmology. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  5. Chittick, W. C. (2006). Science of the cosmos, science of the soul: The pertinence of Islamic cosmology in the modern world. Oxford: Oneworld.Google Scholar
  6. Chittick, W. C. Ibn Arabi. Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ibn-arabi/
  7. Chodkiewicz, M. (1993). An ocean without shore: Ibn ‘Arabī, the book, and the law. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  8. Corbin, H. (1969). Creative imagination in the Sūfism of Ibn ‘Arabī. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Hirtenstein, S., & Tiernan, M. (Eds.). (1993). Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabī: A commemorative volume. Shaftesbury: Element. www.ibnarabisociety.org.
  10. Yousef, M. H. (2007). Ibn ‘Arabi – Time and cosmology. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stony Brook UniversityNew YorkUSA